Romania made its first Summer Olympic appearance in 1900. They wouldn’t return until 1924 where they competed in most games since, missing only the 1932 and 1948 Olympics. The nation sends a large delegation with around 100 athletes competing at recent Olympics. The athletes compete in a variety of sports with the most popular being athletics, canoeing, gymnastics, rowing and wrestling.

Romania has won at least one medal in all Olympics it has participated in with the exceptions of the 1900 and 1928 Olympics. In total the nation has won 306 medals across 16 sports. The most successful sports include gymnastics (72), rowing (38), athletics (35), canoeing (34) and wrestling (34). The most successful athlete is gymnast Nadia Comaneci whom won nine medals at the 1976 and 1980 Olympics. She won five golds in the individual all-around (1976), uneven bars (1976), balance beam (1976 & 1980), and floor exercise (1980), three silvers in the team all-around (1976 & 1980) and individual all-around (1980) and one bronze in the floor exercise (1976). In 2016 Romania won four medals.

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