Moldova made its first Summer Olympic appearance in 1996 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and has competed ever since. The nation sends a decent sized delegation with at least 20 athletes competing in various sports which include athletics, boxing, judo, shooting, swimming, weightlifting and wrestling. Moldova won its first medal in 1996. In total the nation has won five medals across four sports; two in boxing and one in canoeing, shooting and wrestling. In 2016 Moldova failed to win a medal.

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