Belarus made its first Summer Olympic Games appearance in 1996 after gaining independence from the Soviet Union and has competed ever since. The nation is one of the more successful post-Soviet nations as they send over 100 athletes to each game, competing in a variety of sports, notably in gymnastics and wrestling.

Belarus has medaled at each Olympics it has participated in, winning between 9-17 medals for a total of 77 medals in 13 sports. The most successful sports include athletics (14), gymnastics (11) and wrestling (11). Four summer athletes have won four medals for Belarus; rower Ekaterina Karsten (medals in 1996-2008), canoeists Vadzim Makhneu and Raman Piatrushenka (medals in 2004-2012) and gymnast Vitaly Scherbo (medals in 1996). In 2016 Belarus won nine medals.

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