Ethiopia made its first Summer Olympic appearance in 1956 and has participated in most subsequent Olympics. The exceptions being the 1976 Olympics where they participated in the African boycott, 1984 where they participated in the Soviet Union led boycott and they did not participate in 1988. The nation sends a sizable delegation to the Olympics with about two to three dozen athletes competing. So far the sports Ethiopia has competed in are athletics, boxing, cycling and swimming.

Ethiopia won its first medal at the 1960 Olympics and has won at least one medal at every other Olympics it has participated in. In total the nation has won 53 medals with all of them being in athletics. Showcasing their strength in long distance events all of the medals have been won in the 1500m, 5000m, 10000m, 3000m steeplechase and the marathon. Ethiopia’s most successful athlete is Tirunesh Dibaba whom won six medals between 2004 and 2016. She won three gold medals in the 5000m (2008) and 10000m (2008 & 2012) and three bronze medals in the 5000m (2004 & 2012) and 10000m (2016). In 2016 Ethiopia won eight medals, tying their record of most medals won at a single Olympics.

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