Algeria made its Summer Olympic debut in 1964 and has competed ever since, with the exception of the African boycotted 1976 games. The nation tends to send one of the largest and most diverse African teams to the Olympics. At the last five Olympics the nation has competed in ten or more sports with sizable teams in athletics, boxing and judo.

Algeria has won a total of 17 medals in athletics, boxing and judo with its first coming in 1984. They are also consistent winners, winning at least one medal since 1984 at every games with the exception of 1988 and 2004. Two Algerian athletes have won multiple medals; boxer Hocine Soltani (1992-1996) won a gold and bronze and middle distance runner Taoufik Makhloufi (2012-2016) won a gold and two silvers.

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